Look underneath your pillow, mattresses, floor boards, carpets, and any crevices or cracks and you will meet the world’s most well-traveled, ruthless blood-sucking pest ever known to man. Look out for the signs as there are many ways to find bed bugs – Conclusively oval in shape and rust-browned in colour, these bed bugs are cryptic dwellers – flattened, thing, small and light — living in darkness within cracks, gaps in wooden boards, and other crevices surfacing only to suck on human blood.
Bed bugs grow up through 5 stages also known as nymphs spanning at least about 6-8 weeks. Each of these developmental stages would require blood for nutrition and development. The female bed bugs lay about 2-3 eggs a day, as long as these female bed bugs live! Each of these eggs will hatch around 10 days.
The mouths of the adult bed bugs are specially designed to bite and search for spots to suck out the blood from – most of which would be too quick for you to notice. Also, the bed bugs will leave saliva behind (which causes most of those diseases and conditions) and is also known to have anticoagulant properties.
Bedbugs usually cause skin reactions to humans. While some of us don’t react much to these bug bites, some others face extreme discomfort and sleepless nights. Some of the well-known reactions include formation of large wheals which might later subside to dark red spots that can linger for several days, anaphylaxis, iron deficiency in infants and also asthmatic reactions. Bed bugs can also spread or transmit plenty of infectious such as hepatitis B.
If you find too many blood spots on the mattresses or anywhere where you suspects bugs to dwell, your furnishings are bug infested and you must take action. For starters, the best thing to do is to get in touch with a well-known, efficient and licensed pest controller who will undertake a systematic inspection of the area and would then approve an insecticide for use.
Now, identifying bed bugs and dealing with them all the way to finally getting rid of them isn’t as easy as it might sound. Various methods are in use such as using Canines for sniffing them out, other non-chemical methods and direct chemical methods, etc. All of these methods have to follow a code pertaining to arthropod identification and annihilation.